Alasdair MacIntyre (Contemporary Philosophy in Focus)
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This will be required reading. Borden's work is clear and limpid in style, and provides a both easily accessible and thoughtful introduction to the major periods and topics on Stein's work. It is a perfect work of reference, both by its structure and by its select biography and well-constructed index A bravo performance.
Woodward, Newsweek. This fine account, drawing on previously established biographies Having just taught an undergraduate course on this subject I feel moved to include Edith in next year's course along with Wittenstein and Strawson It is not often that such an extraordinary life is illuminated by the thoughts of such an outstanding philosopher.
While After Virtue attempted to give an account of the virtues exclusively by recourse to social practices and the understanding of individual selves in light of "quests" and "traditions," Dependent Rational Animals was a self-conscious effort by MacIntyre to ground virtues in an account of biology. MacIntyre writes the following of this shift in the Preface to the book: More specifically, Dependent Rational Animals tries to make a holistic case on the basis of our best current knowledge as opposed to an ahistorical, foundational claim that "human vulnerability and disability" are the "central features of human life" and that Thomistic "virtues of dependency" are needed for individual human beings to flourish in their passage from stages of infancy to adulthood and old age.
It is most often to others that we owe our survival, let alone our flourishing It will be a central thesis of this book that the virtues that we need, if we are to develop from our animal condition into that of independent rational agents, and the virtues that we need, if we are to confront and respond to vulnerability and disability both in ourselves and in others, belong to one and the same set of virtues, the distinctive virtues of dependent rational animals .
Engaging with scientific texts on human biology as well as works of philosophical anthropology , MacIntyre identifies the human species as existing on a continuous scale of both intelligence and dependency with other animals such as dolphins. MacIntyre is a key figure in the recent surge of interest in virtue ethics , which identifies the central question of morality as having to do with the habits and knowledge concerning how to live a good life.
His approach seeks to demonstrate that good judgment emanates from good character. Being a good person is not about seeking to follow formal rules. In elaborating this approach, MacIntyre understands himself to be reworking the Aristotelian idea of an ethical teleology. MacIntyre emphasises the importance of moral goods defined in respect to a community engaged in a 'practice'—which he calls 'internal goods' or 'goods of excellence'—rather than focusing on practice-independent obligation of a moral agent deontological ethics or the consequences of a particular act utilitarianism.
Edith Stein: A Philosophical Prologue: Alasdair MacIntyre: Continuum
Plato, Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas. MacIntyre has argued that Aquinas ' synthesis of Augustinianism with Aristotelianism is more insightful than modern moral theories by focusing upon the telos 'end', or completion of a social practice and of a human life, within the context of which the morality of acts may be evaluated. His seminal work in the area of virtue ethics can be found in his book, After Virtue.
MacIntyre intends the idea of virtue to supplement, rather than replace, moral rules. Indeed, he describes certain moral rules as 'exceptionless' or unconditional.
MacIntyre considers his work to be outside "virtue ethics" due to his affirmation of virtues as embedded in specific, historically grounded, social practices. Politically, MacIntyre's ethics informs a defence of the Aristotelian 'goods of excellence' internal to practices against the modern pursuit of 'external goods', such as money, power, and status, that are characteristic of rule-based, utilitarian , Weberian modern institutions.
He has been described as a 'revolutionary Aristotelian ' because of his attempt to combine historical insights from his Marxist past with those of Aquinas and Aristotle after his conversion to Catholicism. For him, liberalism and postmodern consumerism not only justify capitalism but sustain and inform it over the long term.
At the same time, he says, "Marxists have always fallen back into relatively straightforward versions of Kantianism or utilitarianism" [ citation needed ] and criticises Marxism as just another form of radical individualism , saying about Marxists, "as they move towards power they always tend to become Weberians. It has been argued that MacIntyre's thought is unable to provide a coherent and effective model for a justifiable and politically stable political order, due to its neglect of political theology.
The Thomist: A Speculative Quarterly Review
MacIntyre converted to Roman Catholicism in the early s, and now does his work against the background of what he calls an " Augustinian Thomist approach to moral philosophy. Fuller accounts of MacIntyre's view of the relationship between philosophy and religion in general and Thomism and Catholicism in particular can be found in his essays "Philosophy recalled to its tasks" and "Truth as a good" both found in the collection The Tasks of Philosophy as well as in the survey of the Catholic philosophical tradition he gives in God, Philosophy and Universities.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sandel Charles Taylor Michael Walzer.
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Christian democracy Radical centrism Republicanism Social democracy. The volume considers Searle's recent work on social ontology and his views on the nature of law and obligation. It concludes with an appraisal of Searle's spirited defence of truth and scientific method in the face of the criticisms of Derrida and other postmodernists.
This is the only comprehensive introduction to Searle's work, and as such it will be of particular value to advanced undergraduates, graduates and professionals in philosophy, psychology, linguistics, cognitive and computer science and literary theory. Arguably the most influential of all contemporary English-speaking philosophers, Richard Rorty has transformed the way many inside and outside philosophy think about the discipline and the traditional ways of practising it.
Drawing on a wide range of thinkers from Darwin and James to Quine, Wittgenstein, Heidegger and Derrida, Rorty has injected a bold anti-foundationalist vision into philosophical debate, into discussions in literary theory, communication studies, political theory and education, and, as public intellectual, into national debates about the responsibilities of America in the modern world.
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The essays in this volume offer a balanced exposition and critique of Rorty's views on knowledge, language, truth, science, morality and politics. The editorial introduction presents a valuable overview of Rorty's philosophical vision. Written by a distinguished team of philosophers, this volume will have an unusual appeal outside philosophy to students in the social sciences, literary studies, cultural studies and political theory. Donald Davidson Edited by Kirk Ludwig https: Donald Davidson has been one of the most influential figures in modern analytic philosophy and has made seminal contributions in a wide range of subjects: His principal work, embodied in a series of landmark essays stretching over nearly forty years, exhibits a unity rare among philosophers contributing on so many diverse fronts.
Written by a distinguished team of philosophers, this volume includes chapters on truth and meaning, the philosophy of action, radical interpretation, philosophical psychology, knowledge of the external world, other minds and our own minds, and the implications of Davidson's work for literary theory. This book is a comprehensive introduction to the full range of Davidson's work, and as such it will be of particular value to advanced undergraduates, graduates and professionals in philosophy, psychology, linguistics, and literary theory.
The contribution to contemporary philosophy of Alasdair MacIntyre is enormous. His writings on ethics, political philosophy, philosophy of religion, philosophy of the social sciences and the history of philosophy have established him as one of the philosophical giants of the last fifty years.